The kidney is among the important organs of our body. It acts as a cleaning tool in our body that removes wastes and excess fluids from our body. Our body has complex systems and to maintain a stable balance of all the chemicals in our systems certain processes and functions are necessary.
The kidney plays a major role in balancing the chemicals by removing wastes and excessive fluids out of our body. Not only this but kidneys are the powerful factories for chemicals in our body that performs various other functions like removing the drugs from the body, balancing the fluids, releasing hormones that regulate blood pressure, produces an active form of vitamin D and controls the production of red blood cells.
Even the critical regulation of body’s salts, potassium and acid content is also carried out by the kidneys. Therefore, it is mandatory for us to keep our kidneys healthy as it will keep our whole body healthy too.
Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Chronic Kidney Disease is defined as the abnormal function of the kidney for three months or longer.
There are many causes of CKD such as:
- Diabetes (High blood sugar level as body does not make enough insulin)
- High Blood Pressure (also called hypertension in which force of blood against the artery walls increases)
- Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys tiny filtering units called glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease (Formation of kidney cysts that enlarge with time most commonly this is inherited)
- Kidney stones
- Urinary tract infections
- A congenital disease
- Drugs and Toxins
How to Detect CKD?
Certain tests help to detect CKD to keep it from progressing to kidney failure and for proper treatment in time.
- Protein test in the urine. ACR (Albumin to creatinine ratio) that estimates the ratio of albumin in the urine.
- Blood Creatinine Test. GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) that tells how much kidney function you have.
These tests should be taken, if and only if you have the risk of CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease).
Steps To Keep Your Kidneys Healthy
In order to keep your kidneys healthy undermentioned steps are necessary.
- Maintain the body cholesterol to its required level.
- Control your glucose level, if you have diabetes.
- Keep your blood pressure at the target suggested by your health physician. If it is high or low, maintain it by the medicines provided by your doctor.
- Take medicines as prescribed by the doctor.
- Take exercises regularly.
- A daily walk is necessary for your body.
- Obesity itself is considered as a disease. Maintain your weight, if you are overweight, according to your height and age.
- Don’t smoke or drink as these can worsen the damage to your kidneys.
- Reduce the salt. Sodium for your should be less than 2300 milligrammes per day.
- Take foods that are healthy for your body and heart like fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products.
- Drink minimum 2 litres of water per day or more if you can. Drinking more water will keep the kidneys to function properly.
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