Arthritis is a disorder affecting the joints and muscles. It causes an inflammation in the joints. The main symptoms of this disease include pain in the joints, soreness both in joints and muscle areas and a difficulty in movement of the joints. The joints may become sore, red and hurt when touched.
Our joints are enclosed in a shielding capsule which holds a fluid for lubrication and joint movement. Arthritis damages this capsule, or causes inflammation in this capsule making movement tough. This disease commonly starts as a person starts to age, typically crosses 50 years. Arthritis cannot be avoided. Since it is a chronic disease, it stays with you for a long time or maybe for a lifetime.
There are about a hundred types of arthritis known. These include disease causing wear and tear of cartilage, or swelling caused by an overactive immune system etc. But what causes arthritis? Many factors may lead to development of this disease. These include factors like injury, metabolic abnormalities or even hereditary factors. Sometimes a bacterial or viral infection may also cause arthritis to set in. Faulty functioning of the immune system may also cause onset of arthritis.
Symptoms of arthritis include pain in joints. Toughness in movement of joints, stiffness, swelling, tenderness was felt in the joints. This disease may affect organs which do not involve joints. Patients may experience fever, swelling in lymph nodes, feeling of illness or tiredness, weight loss and may also cause abnormal functioning of lungs, heart, or kidneys. Although this disease cannot be cured, it can be controlled and its impact limited with the help of proper diagnosis, medication, physical therapy, all round wellness and fitness and eating right.
The type of treatment required for arthritis depends on its type. One must get the ailment diagnosed by a specialist medical practitioner and try and get the best medicine for the condition. Some changes in medicines may be required over time.
Physical therapy is said to have a positive effect on arthritis. Exercise will not only help remove stiffness and pain from the affected joint but will also help keep fit. Occupational therapy may also be recommended in some cases. Physical therapy may help postpone need for surgery. The therapy helps by increasing muscle power, endurance and elasticity. On the other hand occupational therapy helps the patient to make lifestyle changes and changes in daily life to make adjustments according to requirement of the patient. This goes a long way in making life easier for the patient. These include activities like driving , getting a bath, dressing etc.
One must remember that keeping a positive outlook, and support of family will help the pating live better and feel better.