Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that is common all over the world. The degree of its attack is much more severe than is reported because of the fact that its diagnosis is very difficult and a great number of cases simply go unreported. In some of the cases there may be absolutely no symptoms and yet the disease might have established itself fully in a person.
Various tests like the culture test, pH test of vagina, wet mount test etc. are available for its diagnosis. This disease is caused by single-celled protozoa, called trichomonas vaginalis, and they are considerably hard to detect. To expert eyes mere examination of the genitals can reveal the presence of this disease but to confirm it medically sometimes different kinds of tests have to be conducted in succession.
In case of men, this infection causes the discharge of a white liquid from the penis. This liquid is often tested through the wet mount test. In case of women close examination of cervix area, labia and the vaginal area indicates the presence of this disease. Technically this is called the pelvic exam.
To conduct this exam, the doctor sweeps a wet swab over the cervix and then places it over the wet mount in the presence of salt solution. This is then observed under the microscope. Presence of flagella confirms the presence of disease causing protozoa.
Another test known as culture test is also very accurate. In this test a portion of the whitish discharge of a patient is used to grow the protozoa in a Petri dish. A suitable culture is used and the organisms are allowed to grow fully. These are then observed under microscope using a wet mount method. Since in this method the protozoa are deliberately increased in number, the exactness of this method is bound to increase with well developed cultures.
In the vaginal pH test, discharge from the vagina is given the pH test. If the level of pH is greater than 4.5 there are chances that the patient is suffering from Trichomoniasis. One thing needs to be noted that physical examination of the genital area should never be undermined in case of this disease because physical indications only lead a person to the doctor, where further tests can take place.
Governments in many countries keep on sensitizing their citizens through various mediums regarding the elusiveness of this disease. The main symptoms that can sound a threat bell include reddening of the genital areas, swelling of labia in case of women and presence of sores in the cervix region. Nevertheless people don’t pay attention to these symptoms because they are painless and don’t pose any kind of discomfort for the patient. Social insult is also a major cause that keeps the patients away from treatment. This attitude is very common in conservative countries. These days, however, the situation is changing for the better.