Corn and calluses can be described in simple terms as a thick skin which generally appears on the toes or on the side of the toes. These are quite painful and the person sometimes finds it difficult to walk. These are caused by shoes which do not fit properly i.e. being tight or if there is lot of friction. If the lower of the shoes is hard, these can also appear on the heels or the lower parts of feet. In case of athletes who practice acrobatics corns grow on the hand. Corns are also found on the hands of the persons doing hard jobs due to repeated pressure on any particular part of hands.
The thickening of the skin or calluses is a protective reaction of the skin cells to prevent the person from developing skin blisters, which are painful. Generally corns are dangerous and can be cured using some medicines or home remedies. However, in extreme cases surgery may be required. Surgical process involves removing hard skin. Home remedy suggested by some is to wrap a mixture of garlic paste and a pinch of salt on the corn. Leave it for a few days. When removed, the corn will come out. Always keep the feet moist using some moisturising cream.
As mentioned above in extreme cases surgical treatment may be required. The best option is to remove pressure from the affected parts. If you feel that the corns are due to tight shoes, immediately go in for purchase of broad or loose shoes. While purchasing shoes ensure that the shoe lower is made of soft rubber. When the pressure on the affected points will be reduced, the corns will start getting cured and a noticeable difference will be seen in a few weeks time.
In case of corns in hands, as far as possible, avoid repeated pressure from tools etc which you handle at the same spot. If the work can be done wearing thick gloves these will be helpful. Corn protective pads are available in the market. You can go for them for instant relief and cure. If proper precautions are taken, the corns can be prevented from reappearing.
In case the person having corns is suffering from diabetes, there are possibilities of development of ulcers or infection in corns. In these cases, or even in the case of a non-diabetic person, if there is any discharge of water or mucus or blood from a corn, immediate medical attention should be provided. In case of diabetic persons it often becomes difficult to heal wounds. Even if a person having corns feel that there is continuous pain, redness or warmth in the corns, he should contact the doctor.