C-section or cesarean operation is a procedure in which the baby is removed from the womb of mother via an incision in the lower stomach. This method, though very common these days, is opted for when there is a risk to mother’s or baby’s life through normal delivery. Very occasionally, there are caesarian operations that are requested by the mother/mother’s family for a variety of reasons.
As is the case with any kind of operation, bacterial infection is a great danger in C-section too. It’s the chief concern of doctors to be able to prevent bacteria from entering the mother’s body. The part most vulnerable to bacterial infection is the site of incision. It’s very important to keep a watchful eye on the incision as regards its look and feel. If anything like pus, swelling, redness, boils etc. are noticed at the site, it may be a case for alarm.
In some countries where the weather turns extremely hot and people don’t have the facility of air conditioners; pus formation is a very common occurrence. It’s because bacteria multiply very fast in such hot and humid conditions. Sometimes, blood may also issue forth from the incision site – signaling the rupture of the incision. This also makes one susceptible to infection.
You may also feel some kind of abdominal pain and a kind of softness over the incision as well as at the surface around it. In any case don’t touch the area without cleaning your hands. Also keep the incision area clean and covered. Refer to your doctor promptly in case you find any of the above symptoms arising in you.
On the other hand if you are have developed fever and are experiencing chills, it indicates the spread of infection on the inner side of incision. By ‘inner side’, I mean the incision site of the uterus. Don’t forget that the uterus was also split in order to take the baby out. Such infections are more serious and difficult to treat.
Infection may also spread deep inside the uterus or even in the bladder. Catheterization is known to cause infection of the bladder. A major sign of this type of infection is pain while urinating or presence of blood in urine. Similarly, in some case stinking discharge may also come out of the vaginal opening. Such infections demand rapid action.
It’s not that C-section infections can’t be won over. The major lapse happens on the part of the patient, where she may not be able to report the happenings in her body to the doctor. It may be due to unawareness or sheer carelessness. In some poor countries/families, C-section operations are considered to be a drain on the meager financial resources of the family and therefore only ‘economical’ quacks treat a mother after the major surgery. This behavior is responsible for deaths of countless mothers all over the world.